信息详情

英文名:Principles of Microeconomics

学分/学时:3/48

 

一、课程的性质和任务

CFA微观经济学原理是CFA方向学生接触到的第一门CFA专业学科基础课程,本课程以介绍消费者和企业的最优决策为主,同时介绍消费者、企业和政府在市场中的互动及各类市场失灵和摩擦。通过本课程的学习,使学生掌握微观经济学的基本假设、运用微观经济学分析工具解剖各类经济活动的技能,解决实际问题的方法,为后续CFA专业课的学习打下基础。教师将会详细解释每一章中的基本概念和相关内容,目的是为学生参与课堂讨论和分析提供一些知识背景和基础。虽然学生熟悉本课程的内容是非常重要的一环,但更重要的环节是,学生需要再课堂讨论,辩论和案例学习中掌握经济分析的方法。

 

二、课程的基本要求

完成本课程后,学生应当能够:

1、定义和理解包括稀缺性、成本收益、激励、比较优势、机会成本增加和均衡等在内的关键的概念。

2、完全理解市场运营的机制和基本原则。

3、系统化地掌握指导消费者和生产者行为的基本理论。

4、认识到把资源进行分配的市场机制和其局限性。

5、完全理解政府在微观经济中所扮演的角色。

 

三、课程内容

(一)微观经济学简介

1.教学内容:Ten principles of economics; thinking like a economist; interdependence and the gains from trade

2.教学要求:了解微观经济学的基本假设和分析方法。

3.重点、难点:经济学模型的作用。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(二)供给和需求的市场力量

1.教学内容:What factors affect buyers’ demand for goods? What factors affect sellers’ supply of goods? How do supply and demand determine the price of a good and the quantity sold? How do changes in the factors that affect demand or supply affect the market price and quantity of a good? How do markets allocate resources?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:供给与需求的灵活定义与使用。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(三)弹性的概念和应用

1.教学内容:What is elasticity? What kinds of issues can elasticity help us understand? What is the price elasticity of demand? How is it related to the demand curve? How is it related to revenue & expenditure? What is the price elasticity of supply? How is it related to the supply curve? What are the income and cross-price elasticities of demand?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:弹性的计算。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(四)供给、需求和政府政策

1.教学内容:What are price ceilings and price floors? What are some examples of each? How do price ceilings and price floors affect market outcomes? How do taxes affect market outcomes? How do the effects depend on whether the tax is imposed on buyers or sellers? What is the incidence of a tax? What determines the incidence?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:政府政策对均衡的具体影响。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(五)消费者、生产厂商和市场的效率

1.教学内容:What is consumer surplus? How is it related to the demand curve? What is producer surplus?  How is it related to the supply curve? Do markets produce a desirable allocation of resources? Or could the market outcome be improved upon?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:消费者剩余、生产者剩余和无谓损失的计算。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(六)税收的成本

1.教学内容:How does a tax affect consumer surplus, producer surplus, and total surplus? What is the deadweight loss of a tax? What factors determine the size of this deadweight loss? How does tax revenue depend on the size of the tax?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:税收的影响分析。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(七)国际贸易的相关问题

1.教学内容:What determines how much of a good a country will import or export? Who benefits from trade? Who does trade harm? Do the gains outweigh the losses? If policymakers restrict imports, who benefits? Who is harmed? Do the gains from restricting imports outweigh the losses? What are some common arguments for restricting trade? Do they have merit?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:比较优势的确立和计算。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(八)外部性

1.教学内容:What is an externality? Why do externalities make market outcomes inefficient? What public policies aim to solve the problem of externalities? How can people sometimes solve the problem of externalities on their own? Why do such private solutions not always work?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:外部性的政策应对。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(九)公共产品和公共资源

1.教学内容:What are public goods? What are common resources? Give examples of each. Why do markets generally fail to provide the efficient amounts of these goods? How might the government improve market outcomes in the case of public goods or common resources?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:正确理解公共产品和公共资源,并掌握两者的区别。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(十)税收体系的设计

1.教学内容:What are the largest sources of tax revenue in the U.S.? What are the efficiency costs of taxes? How can we evaluate the equity of a tax system?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:税收体系的评估。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(十一)企业的生产成本

1.教学内容:What is a production function? What is marginal product?  How are they related? What are the various costs, and how are they related to each other and to output? How are costs different in the short run vs.
the long run? What are “economies of scale”?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:成本的分类和影响。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(十二)完全竞争市场结构下的厂商

1.教学内容:What is a perfectly competitive market? What is marginal revenue? How is it related to total and average revenue? How does a competitive firm determine the quantity that maximizes profits? When might a competitive firm shut down in the short run? Exit the market in the long run? What does the market supply curve look like in the short run? In the long run?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:利润最大化的求解。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(十三)垄断厂商市场结构

1.教学内容:Why do monopolies arise? Why is MR < P for a monopolist?

How do monopolies choose their P and Q? How do monopolies affect society’s well-being? What can the government do about monopolies? What is price discrimination?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:垄断厂商的最优选择。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(十四)垄断竞争市场结构

1.教学内容:What market structures lie between perfect competition and monopoly, and what are their characteristics? How do monopolistically competitive firms choose price and quantity? Do they earn economic profit? In what ways does monopolistic competition affect society’s welfare? What are the social costs and benefits of advertising?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:垄断竞争市场下企业的定价与最优产量计算。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(十五)寡头垄断市场结构

1.教学内容:What outcomes are possible under oligopoly? Why is it difficult for oligopoly firms to cooperate? How are antitrust laws used to foster competition?

2.教学要求:回答上述问题,并能灵活使用相应分析工具解决实际问题。

3.重点、难点:用博弈论求解寡头垄断均衡结果。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

(十六)微观经济学进阶话题以及课程回顾

1.教学内容:The markets of the factors of production; earnings and discrimination; income inequality and poverty; the theory of consumer choice; frontiers of microeconomics

2.教学要求:掌握要素市场的运作规律,知晓微观经济学的前沿知识,并对本课程全部内容有全面了解。

3.重点、难点:消费者理论和消费者效用的建立。

4.教学建议:理论讲授+案例讲解。

 

四、本课程与其它课程关系

本课程的前继课程有:无。

后续课程有:《宏观经济学原理》,《CFA中级金融学》,《CFA股权投资学》,《CFA固定收益与金融机构》,《CFA公司金融》等。


 

五、学时分配

教   学   内   容

 总学时

实验  实训  上机

习题课

讨论课

课程设计

(大作业)

1

微观经济学简介

3

3

 

 

 

2

供给和需求的市场力量

3

3

 

 

 

3

弹性的概念和应用

3

2

 

1

 

4

供给、需求和政府政策

3

3

 

 

 

5

消费者、生产厂商和市场的效率

3

2

 

1

 

6

税收的成本

3

3

 

 

 

7

国际贸易的相关问题

3

2

 

1

 

8

外部性

3

3

 

 

 

9

公共产品和公共资源

3

3

 

 

 

10

税收体系的设计

3

2

 

1

 

11

企业的生产成本

3

3

 

 

 

12

完全竞争市场结构下的厂商

3

3

 

 

 

13

垄断厂商市场结构

3

2

 

1

 

14

垄断竞争市场结构

3

3

 

 

 

15

寡头垄断市场结构

3

2

 

1

 

16

微观经济学进阶话题以及课程回顾

3

3

 

 

 

    小            计

48

42

 

6

 

六、教材及参考书

教 材:

1.  N. Gregory Mankiw [GW]. Principles of Economics, Sixth Edition, Cengage Learning

2.  Kaplan Schweser Notes 2019 Level 1 CFA Book 2 Economics

参 考 书:

R. Glenn Hubbard and Anthony Patrick O'Brien, Microeconomics, Sixth Edition, Pearson

Tags: CFA微观经济学原理